Armageddon – When?

*Not Prophecy, Just Research
*What Precedes Armageddon?
*Is it a Literal Place?
*Who are Destroyed at Armageddon?
*The Valley of JehoShaphat
*Zechariah's Prophecy
*The Sequence of Zephaniah's Prophecy
*The Best Description
*Theory 1: Six Thousand Years
*Theory 2: The Inca and Aztec Calendars
*Theory 3: Daniel's Prophecy About the Rebuilt Temple
*Theory 4: 2,520 Years
*Theory 5: The Ideas of Sir Isaac Newton
*Theory 6: 400 Years
*Can 'the Day and Hour' be Known?
*What Will the Battle of Armageddon Involve?
*Another False Prophecy?
*'Armageddon' or 'The Coming of the Lord?'
*Are You Awaiting Armageddon?

Not Prophecy, Just Research

Understand that the following are just the observations of individuals who have done much research. No claims of Divine Revelation are being made here. Like the 'Faithful and Sensible Slave,' of Matthew 24, the 'Doorkeeper' of Mark 13, the 'Faithful House Manager' of Luke 12, and the 'Wise Virgins' of Matthew 25, we are trying to remain awake and look for signs of the Lord's coming. Remember that we don't sin by watching, hoping, and anticipating. Rather, we sin when we stop doing that. For Jesus said (as recorded at Luke 12:37): 'Those slaves who are found watching when their master arrives are blest! I tell you the truth; he will put on his apron, make them recline at the table, and he will come and serve them.'

Also notice that we are not drawing our own conclusions as to when Armageddon will come; we are simply offering suggestions and showing what the research of others has concluded. So, please read the following with an open mind.

What Precedes Armageddon?

We first read of 'the battle of the great day of God Almighty' at Revelation 16:14. Then in verse 16, the name of that battle is given as Har-Mageddon (or Armageddon). When may this be expected?

It is interesting that although this battle is named in Revelation the Sixteenth Chapter, the account seems to interrupt itself there to talk about two events that happen first; the destruction of 'The Great Babylon' (Chapters 17 & 18) and 'the marriage of the Lamb' (Chapter 19). Then the account of the battle appears to resume at Revelation 19:11.

If we can accept this series of events in that order, 'The Great Babylon' will be destroyed first, then the Lamb will take his bride. This will be followed by the battle against 'the kings of the earth' (Armageddon), and then the Opposer (Satan) and his messengers will be locked in the abyss for a thousand years (or possibly, thousands of years).

Is it a Literal Place?

The word that we call Armageddon was actually pronounced Har Mageddon in Greek. The H is often overlooked by translators, because it isn't a letter, it's indicated by an inverted apostrophe ('). Har is a Hebrew word that means mountain, while Mageddon comes from the Hebrew word Megiddo, which refers (appropriately) to a gathering place (for troops). So, the entire word means (and can be translated as) Mountain of the Gathering Place of Armies.

Because there was a literal Bible city called Megiddo, which was the center of many IsraElite victories during Bible times, many have concluded that this great battle will be fought on that ancient plain, which is located fifty-six miles north of JeruSalem and nineteen miles southeast of the modern city of Haifa. This doesn't seem likely, because the ancient city of Megiddo wasn't located on a mountain; so the word Armageddon doesn't really describe that particular location, since there was no such place as the 'Mountain of Megiddo.' Rather, it appears as though the single use of this term in the Revelation is symbolic, and it doesn't refer to a geographical location, but to a worldwide 'gathering of armies' to fight against the Word of God (see Revelation 19:11-21).

Of particular interest is the fact that the battle is referred to as a 'mountain.' This term is used throughout the Bible to symbolize governments, since many ancient cities (such as JeruSalem) were situated on mountains. Then, could Armageddon refer to a collective 'gathering' of the armies of many governments? That is what the Scriptures seem to indicate.

Who are Destroyed at Armageddon?

Will only 'the righteous' survive Armageddon, as most religions teach? If that were true, God will have broken His own oath. For after the Downpour (or Flood) of Noah's day He said (at Genesis 8:21): 'So, I will never again [destroy] all living flesh as I have just done.' Yes, it could be argued that there will be many of the righteous who will be saved, but His point was that He would never again bring such a total destruction where few survive, as is often shown in religious pictures and in movies about Armageddon.

Those who say that He will bring total devastation like to quote Revelation 19:20, 21, which says: 'The wild animal was captured, as was the false prophet that performed the signs in front of it, which he used to mislead those who received the mark of the wild animal and those who worshiped its image. While they were both still alive, they were tossed into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur. However, the rest were killed by the long sword that came from the mouth of the one who was riding the [white] horse. Then all the birds ate their fill of flesh.'

But who 'the rest' are that the Bible is speaking of and when they are destroyed isn't really discussed there. So, just who (other than 'the kings and their armies') is destroyed in this final battle, is unclear. For there are really two different destructions described in the Revelation and in the Prophets… the destruction of 'the Great Babylon,' which is followed by the war against 'the nations,' or, 'Armageddon.' And most people mistakenly think that both destructions happen at the same time… but they don't.

Notice that the prophecy at Revelation 19:20, 21 says that those who 'received the mark of the wild animal and those who worshiped its image' are included among the destroyed at Armageddon. This 'mark of the wild animal' seems to refer to people who are intensely supportive of the worldly governments (the 'wild animals' of Revelation and Daniel) that attack and capture God's people. For more information on who will be involved in this battle, see the linked document, 'The Mark of the Beast.'

However, the prophecy of Zechariah the Fourteenth Chapter, which also appears to be speaking of this great Battle, indicates that: Although the ones who come against those calling themselves God's people will be destroyed, some from the nations (not His people) will survive and be required to come to JeruSalem to bow before God and to celebrate the Festival of Booths.

And although the words found at Isaiah Chapters 24-27 are often quoted to describe what will happen at Armageddon, and there it appears as though few will survive this great battle; notice (in our linked document, 'Isaiah 24 – Is It Speaking of Armageddon?') that this prophecy isn't talking about the war against the nations, but of the prior destruction of the unfaithful among those who claim to be His covenant people.

For more information on who are destroyed at Armageddon, see the linked document, 'Similarities between the Exodus and the Events of Revelation.'

Hebrew Prophecies that May be Speaking of Armageddon

The Valley of JehoShaphat

The entire Bible book of Joel seems to be a discussion of the last days and of the coming of the Battle of Armageddon. However, as in most of the other prophecies, it starts out by discussing God's judgment upon His own people (JeruSalem and Judah); and thereafter, it talks about the destruction of the nations that surround them (Armageddon).

Notice that in the book of Joel, the battle is not referred to as the 'Mountain of Megiddo,' but as the 'Valley of JehoShaphat.' What does that term mean?

Well, since the meaning isn't spelled out in the Bible, we can only speculate, and there appear to be two different possible answers:

Š JehoShaphat could be translated as Jehovah is Judge, and God certainly speaks of Himself as serving as judge of the nations in that prophecy. So, the valley could refer to a place of God's judgments.

Š During the reign of the Judean king Jehoshaphat, God saved Judah and JeruSalem from the combined armies of Ammon, Moab, and those from the Mountains of Seir (nearby nations), causing the enemy forces to become confused and to slaughter each other (see 2 Chronicles 20:1-29). So, perhaps this is a prophetic reference to that war.

Then notice some of the things we read about in that prophecy:

1. Joel describes a period of desolation upon the land of Judah and the City of JeruSalem, which could well be the same as the destruction of The Great Babylon.

2. This is followed by what is called the Great Day of the Lord, which starts out with God's Spirit or Breath being miraculously poured out on His people. For we read at Joel 2:28-32:

'In the last days, I will pour out My Breath,
And Your sons and daughters will all prophecy,
Your aged men will dream dreams,
And young men in your midst, will see visions.

'In those days, I'll pour out My Breath,
Upon My male and female attendants.
Miracles, I'll create in the sky…
I'll bring fire, blood, and smoke to the land.

'The sun will convert into darkness,
And the moon [will be changed] into blood,
Before the coming and appearance,
Of the great Day of the Lord.

'And all who call on the name of the Lord,
Will be saved,
said Jehovah.
For, to JeruSalem and Mount Zion,
Will come someone who saves,
Announcing good news to all those,
Who have been called by Jehovah.'

3. Thereafter, God's faithful people will be returned from among the nations where they have been taken and held as captives, then the great war against the offending nations begins. For we read at Joel 3:9-13:

'Proclaim these things to the nations!
Declare holy war… wake the soldiers!
[Attack and conquer], O men of war!

'Cut your plows into broadswords,
And your scythes, into spears!
Let the weak ones say, I am strong!
Then attack all the nations round about!

'Assemble all of [your people],
And let their meek become warriors!
Awaken all nations and make them descend,
To the Valley of JehoShaphat.

'For there, I will sit down,
And separate all of the nations…
Those that live round-about you!

'And then, I'll send for the scythes;
Since, the crops are ready for harvest!
Climb in and tread, for the wine vat is full…
The vats overflow with their badness!

Notice how this description of wine vats parallels that of Armageddon as found at Revelation 19:15, where Jesus is described as the one who 'crushed the grapes with his feet in the winepress of the anger of the Almighty God's rage.'

Zechariah's Prophecy

Zechariah Chapter Fourteen seems to be talking about this same battle; for, notice the words found in verses one through seven:

'Look; The Lord's [Great] Day now approaches,
When they will divide up the loot.
To JeruSalem, I'll gather all nations,
And the city will thereafter, be captured.

'All the homes will be looted,
And the women all raped.
Then, half of the city will be led away,
And the rest (My people),
Will not be destroyed from the [land].

'Then the Lord will attack all those nations,
In His battle, on the day of the war.

'And in that Day, his feet will then stand,
On the Mount of Olives (to JeruSalem's east).
Then the Mount of Olives will split in two parts…
In halves, to the east and the west, in great chaos.
Half of the mount will lean toward the north,
And half will lean toward the south.

'Then, flee to the valley of My Mountain,
Which [runs] to the [Wadi] AzaEl.
You must flee as in the day of the earthquake,
[Which happened] in the days of UzziAh.

'Then [my Lord] will arrive,
And bring all his Holy Ones with him.
There'll be no light in that Day…
There'll be just coldness and ice.

'But, it will last just one day,
And that Day will be known by Jehovah.
There'll be no daytime or night;
But, light will arrive toward the evening.

Then verse twelve goes on to tell us:

'And this will be the great downfall…
When the Lord will strike all the peoples…
All who against JeruSalem, marched.

'Their flesh will melt as they stand on their feet;
Their eyes will flow from their sockets;
And their tongues will melt in their mouths.'

So the conclusion once again, is that the Battle of Armageddon will not come as a general destruction of the wicked, but upon those armies and kings who dare to march against the IsraEl of God.

That some of the unrighteous nations will survive the war is indicated in verses sixteen and seventeen, where we read:

'Then all who remain from the nations,
That marched against JeruSalem
Will ascend each year to bow to the King
– To the Almighty, Jehovah –
And observe the feast of the Pitching of Tents.

'Then, to all who won't come [in that Day],
To bow before the Almighty,
From all the tribes of the earth;
Bad things will be added to them,
And they'll not receive any rain.'

The Sequence of Zephaniah's Prophecy

Zephaniah (as most other Prophets) also appears to have received an account of the events that lead up to and follow the Battle of Armageddon, since the words of his prophecies have not all been fulfilled upon Judea and IsraEl, and he speaks of them as coming (at Zephaniah 1:7) 'in the Day of the Lord,' which we assume is the thousand-year Day that starts with the coming of Jesus. In this prophesy, note that:

Š First, there's the destruction of the unfaithful among God's people; for Zephaniah 1:9, 10, tells us:

'When I take vengeance, you'll see it;
For, it will come to the gates in that day,
Of those filling the House of Jehovah their God,
With treachery and their godless ways.

'And it will be in that day, said the Lord;
there will come the sounds of cries from the gates…
[The sounds] of men being stabbed.
And from the second quarter, will come women's screams,
As battles will rage in the hills

Š Next comes the destruction of other nearby nations that hated His people and worshiped other Gods. For Zephaniah 2:4 tells us:

'Gaza will also be plundered,
And AshKelon will be extinct.
AshDod will fall at mid-day,
And EkRon will then be uprooted.'

Š Thereafter, verse Eleven tells us:

'Then before them, the Lord will appear,
And destroy all gods of the lands of the nations.
Then they will bow down before Him
Each within his own land,
And in all the islands of gentiles.'

Š This seems to be followed by the Battle of Armageddon; for, we read at Zephaniah 3:8:

'Then I'll pass judgment on the gathering of nations;
I'll take their kings and pour out my rage…
Yes, all the anger of my rage.
And the fire of my zeal will consume the whole earth.'

Š And next it appears as though the survivors will all start speaking the same language, for Zephaniah 3:9 says:

'Then, to that same generation,
I will bring just one tongue,
So, all can call on the Name of the Lord,
And serve Him under one yoke.'

Š We know that there will then be a re-gathering of Spiritual IsraEl, for verses ten and eleven say:

'From the ends of Ethiopia's rivers,
I'll welcome back those who were scattered;
And to Him, they'll bring sacrifices.
In that Day, you'll not be disgraced,
By the disrespect you once showed Him.
I'll remove your insolence and careless attitudes,
And of His Holy Mountain, you'll boast.'

Š Then verses twelve and thirteen speak of a time of peace and tranquility for the righteous, for there we read:

'I'll leave the meek and humble among you
(Those who respect the Name of the Lord).
And this remnant of IsraEl won't be unrighteous…
Of vain things, they will not speak,
And no way will their tongues then deceive.

'So, they will eat as they lie in their beds,
And no one will make them afraid.'

Š And finally; God's people will be respected by the remaining peoples of the nations who will have started worshiping God and will thus survive the Battle of Armageddon… but they will not be considered among this select group, because verse twenty tells us:

'Her enemies will all be disgraced in that time,
And I'll do whatever you think to be good;
Because, in that time, I'll take you back…
I'll make you famous and reasons to boast,
Before the peoples of the whole earth;
When, before their eyes, I return you
From your captive condition,
says the Lord.'

The Best Description

Probably the best description of what the Battle of Armageddon will involve can be found in what is written in the Thirteenth Chapter of Isaiah. For although that entire prophecy specifically deals with the destruction that was to come upon the ancient empire of Babylon (as the opening words clearly state); we want to remember that the destruction of JeruSalem by Babylon was followed shortly thereafter by the conquest of Babylon itself. And this description is amazingly similar to the prophesied events that culminate with Armageddon.

In addition, many of the words of that prophecy indicate that it is warning of a far-more global calamity. Notice, for example, what we read at Isaiah 13:4-6:

'There's a voice like the sound of many nations,
That's [being heard from the tops of] the mountains.
It's like the sounds of many kings,
And as a great assembly of peoples.

'For, Jehovah of Armies has given the order,
To a nation of warriors with weapons,
And they're coming from a far away land…
From the extremities of the foundations of the skies.

'The Lord and His warriors are coming,
To ruin your whole habitation.
So, shriek! For, the day of the Lord is now near,
And God's destruction comes quickly!

Also notice how closely verses nine and ten match up with the words of Jesus (at Matthew 24:29) when he said, 'Immediately after that difficult time, the sun will grow dark and the moon will not give out its light; the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken.' Compare this description to the prophecy in Isaiah, which says:

'For, {Look!} the day of the Lord is about to arrive.
It's a day of incurable rage…
The anger to destroy the home of mankind,
And to wipe out the sinners.

'Then the stars in the sky (including Orion),
And the arrangement of the heavens will not shine.
The rising sun will be darkened,
And the moon won't give out its light.

As you can see, this Chapter in Isaiah appears to be speaking of something far greater than just the destruction of some ancient city. And in this case, the foretold war was to be fought against the group of multi-national armies and those wicked ones who supported them, which had come against the people of God.

Theory 1: Six Thousand Years (FAILED)

Over the past 150 years, an Armageddon theory that several adventist groups have adopted (and which has resulted in failed predictions by several religions) is one that we could refer to as 'the six-thousand year theory.' It is based on the premise that each of God's earthly creative days are seven-thousand years long, and that after six-thousand years from Adam's (or Eve's) creation, Jesus will come to bring Armageddon and start his thousand-year reign. To read an article that was written by one religious group back in the mid-1960s proposing the conclusion that Armageddon would come shortly after 1975 (and to check our calculations showing why they have proven to be wrong), see the linked document, 1975 – A Marked Date?

One of the many problems with this chronology (as suggested in the article), is that their dates are based on the belief that IsraEl did not spend four-hundred years as captives in Egypt. This conclusion flies in the face of God's promise to Abram (at Genesis 15:13, 15): 'You must know this for a fact; Your seed will have to live as aliens in a foreign land where they will be slaves who are treated badly and humbled for four hundred years.' Rather, they claim that IsraEl was in Egypt for just a little over two-hundred years, which wasn't enough time for the family to grow from less than a hundred people to more than a million, as the Bible account says. For more information, see the linked document, 'Why Much of the Popular Bible Chronology is WRONG!'

Our research shows that another of their chronological mistakes was caused when those who did the calculating used the periods of the lifetimes and births of the patriarchs from AbraHam to Adam as they are found in the Masoretic (Hebrew) text. For there is strong evidence that most of these periods were greatly shortened by later-day Jewish scribes. The Septuagint text (which aligns better with outstanding events as recorded in secular history) shows that almost all of these periods were really much longer. Note for example, that the Septuagint adds 100 years to the dates of the births of every man from Shelah to Terah in Genesis Chapter Eleven, making a difference of 700 years from Shelah's birth down to Abraham's leaving for the land of CanaAn! And that's not the only place where there are major differences in the texts.

Therefore, using the Septuagint, we can show that it has actually been more than 7,500 years since the creation of Adam… and all of this lines up much better with the secular estimated dates of the reigns of the Egyptian kings! For more information, see the subheading, 'How the Corrected Dates Align With Egypt's Historical Records' in the linked document, 'Why the Greek Septuagint?' And since all of the proposed dates of the '7,000-year theory' have come and gone with no 'Battle of Armageddon,' it is clear that this is just another failed idea.

Theory 2: The Inca and Aztec Calendars (FAILED)

Another theory that attracted considerable attention in recent years, was based on the idea that the ancient Mayan calendar came to an end on December 21st 2012. And many thought that this date (which was so close other theoretical dates) was when Armageddon (or 'the end of time') was coming.

Actually, the ancient Bible texts never spoke of an 'end of time,' although some Bibles have been translated to read that way. Rather, it spoke of 'the time of the end' of certain eras. Since time is an integral part of the formula E=MC2; bringing an end to time would bring an end to our universe… which the Bible wasn't really foretelling.

However, it is interesting that in the mythology of the Mayans, Aztecs, and other ancient peoples of the Americas, there have been four ages or eras. The first age of mankind ended with the animals devouring humans, the second age was finished by wind, the third age by fire, and the fourth age by water (on August 12, 3113 BCE according to their calendars). What we find interesting about this, is that the date their mythology gives for water destroying the earth is roughly about the same time as when the Bible shows that the Downpour (or Flood) of Noah's day happened, as we have determined in our estimates. This date also coincides closely with that of the brothers McKenna in their The Invisible Landscape under 'The End of History,' as indicated by their computer analysis of the ancient Chinese oracle-calendar, the I Ching. So, regardless of other theories and the ideas of modern historians; there is a lot of evidence, both Biblical and secular, which proves that man has been on the earth for a little over 7,500 years (yes, we know that 'science' doesn't agree with this conclusion).

Theory 3: Daniel's Prophecy About the Rebuilt Temple

In the Eighth Chapter of Daniel, the account tells us of something that the Prophet saw in a vision when BelShazzar, the king of Babylon, was in power. And this prophecy covers many of the things that would lead up to the coming of Jesus (the commander-in chief) and of his mistreatment and death… which would thereafter be followed by the last days leading up to the destruction of JeruSalem. Could this prophecy also be describing the last days that lead up to Armageddon?

In this prophecy we read (at Daniel 8:13, 14): 'Then I heard the holy one speaking, and he asked, How long will this vision stand when the sacrifices are taken away, the destruction over sins is allowed, and the Holy Place of the mighty ones is to be trampled upon? And he said to him: After two thousand, three hundred evenings and mornings, the Holy Place will be cleansed.'

Now, this description of two-thousand, three-hundred evenings and mornings is said to be how long the Temple and JeruSalem will lie desolate awaiting its cleansing… which doesn't seem to have been fulfilled back in the First Century. So, could this have had reference to a period of 2,300 years of cleansing that started with the destruction of JeruSalem?

Not according to one religious group. They claim that this was just a period of six-and-a-third literal years, which started back in the 1930s and led up the the end of World War II. Their logic eludes us, and it is highly unlikely that such a major prophecy would have such a minor and unheralded fulfillment.

So, could the prophecy be speaking of the reestablishment of the true worship of God 2,300 years after the destruction of God's Temple in JeruSalem in 70-CE (in the year 2370-CE)? Who knows?

Theory 4: 2,520 Years

The Days of Noah

At Matthew 24:33-39, it is recorded that Jesus said: 'I tell you the truth; This generation will not pass away until all these things are fulfilled. The skies and the lands will all pass away, but my words will not pass away! No one knows the day or the hour… not the messengers in heaven, or the Son (just the Father). For, as it was in the days of Noah; so it will be when the Son of Man has arrived. Why, [people] in those days (before the downpour) were all just eating and drinking, getting married and being taken in marriage, to the day that Noah entered the Chest… they were unaware 'til [the day of] the flood… and then it swept them away! And that's how it also will be when the Son of Man has arrived.'

Of course, there is no specific time period mentioned in those words. However, if you turn to the account of the times of Noah (at Genesis 6:4), we do read of a definite period in the days that led up to the Downpour (Flood). It says, 'Then Jehovah God said: I won't allow them to keep My Breath (which allows them to flesh) throughout the [rest of] the age. So, their [lives] will last one-hundred and twenty [more] years.'

120 Years

One-hundred and twenty years is in fact a very significant Biblical number, because 'twelve' in the Bible seems to imply heavenly completeness (see Revelation 21:10-14), and multiplying twelve by ten appears to indicate absolute completion. But if this is true, then what heavenly thing is being completed? Notice what Revelation 7:1-3 says:

'After this, I saw four messengers who were standing at the four corners of the earth. They were hanging onto the four winds of the earth so the winds wouldn't blow on the land, the sea, or the trees. Then I saw another messenger who was coming up from the sunrise. He had the seal of the living God, and he shouted out loud to the four messengers who were allowed to harm the land and sea, saying, Don't harm the land, the sea, or the trees, until after we have sealed the slaves of our God in their foreheads.'

So, here is a period that seems to parallel the one Jesus spoke of at Matthew 24 as the end of the age, because Revelation 1:10 says that John's vision starts in 'the Lord's Day.' And Revelation 7:3 appears to be talking about the final sealing of those who would rule with Jesus. So, if those who were described as being 'sealed' refers to being sealed for life in heaven (as some think), that would be the completion of a heavenly number.

And notice that when the full number is sealed, God's messengers release the 'winds' – which could be speaking of Jesus' coming and the start of the Battle of Armageddon. However, if these are the same four messengers that are spoken of at Revelation 9:14, notice that they were to destroy only a third of mankind! But either way, one-hundred and twenty years could well figure into a period that leads up to the coming of Jesus (for more information, consider the linked document, 'Significance of 120 Years.')

The Generation of Noah

Now, notice the words of Genesis 6:10: 'This is the account of Noah's generation: Noah was a righteous man… perfect [when compared to] that generation.'

It's interesting that the Bible speaks of the account of Noah's generation here, rather than saying (as in previous Chapters) 'this was the Book of.' So, could this be a Bible clue that the 'generation' Jesus spoke of in Matthew 24 parallels the 'generation of Noah?' And notice that the prophecy of 120 years is also found in this portion of Genesis that is called the 'generation of Noah,' which by the way, isn't the story of his entire life, but covers just the last days of the wicked generation in which Noah was living.

So from the above; can we assume that the period of the last days might possibly run on for 120 years? If so, the next question is: When did that period begin?

The Seven Times of Daniel

Well, this is the point where the 'end-time' speculators have gotten into trouble. For back in the 1880s, serious Bible students (whom we would now classify as 'Adventists') had calculated what they thought to be the beginning of the Lord's Day, based on a prophecy found in Daniel the Fourth Chapter. There the account speaks of a period of 'seven times' that would come upon the King of Babylon (NebuChadNezzar). For DaniEl quotes him (the king) as telling about a prophetic dream that he had, which was later fulfilled upon him when he lived 'in the fields like a wild animal' for 'seven times' (which likely meant seven years).

Those 19th Century zealots felt that the prophecy of 'seven times' must surely have a greater meaning and fulfillment than on just NebuChadNezzar, because the point of the prophecy (as God explained it to him at Daniel 4:25) was that, 'Jehovah is higher than all the kingdoms of men, and He gives it to whomever He wishes.' And since Babylon under NebuChadNezzar had just overthrown the 'typical Kingdom of God' on the earth (the Kingdom of JeruSalem) prior to his vision; they reasoned that this prophecy showed how long God would allow worldly nations to dominate God's chosen people. So they taught that this prophecy in Daniel explains when God's permission for worldly nations to rule over His people would end and when the period of Jesus' kingship (the Lord's Day) would begin.

Here is the rest of their reasoning:

How Long Would the 'Seven Times' Last?

Another prophecy in Daniel gave these students their first clue as to the length of those prophetic 'seven times.' At Daniel 9:24-27, there's a prophecy about a seventy-week period that would lead up to the first coming of the Anointed Jesus. For, by assuming that each day of this prophecy in Daniel equaled a year, faithful First-Century Jews were able to predict the time of the coming of the Messiah (Jesus). Therefore, this Adventist group applied the same rule of 'a day for a year' to the 'seven times' of Daniel, Chapter Four.

However, how long was each 'time' in year-long days? Remember that the Jews followed a lunar calendar, so there weren't always the same number of days in each year.

The next clue was found in an unrelated prophecy in Revelation. At Revelation 12:6, we read of a period of one-thousand two-hundred and sixty days that 'the woman will be fed in the desert.' Then in verse fourteen, the same period is referred to as, 'a time, times, and a half a time,' or three-and-a half times (interesting similarity in the prophetic words). So, the prophecy in Revelation set the length of each 'time' as 360 days per year (1,260/3.5=360).

Therefore, using this Bible-given rule (of 360 years in each 'time'), it was deduced that the prophetic period of the symbolic 'seven times' (360 X 7) equals, two-thousand five-hundred and twenty years.

So, when did they think that the 2,520-year period started? Well, this is where a great debate has raged down to this day; for they teach that JeruSalem was destroyed by Babylon in the year 607-BCE, while secular history sets that conquest as happening somewhere around 586/587-BCE. However, using their date; if you add two-thousand, five-hundred and twenty years to the year 607, you come up with the modern date of 1914-CE (following the no zero-year rule).

Although many historians disagree with 607-BCE for the destruction of JeruSalem; they do agree that the date of the conquest of Babylon was 539-BCE. And according to the Prophet Daniel, the length of the Jewish captivity in Babylon was to total seventy years (see Daniel 9:2). So if that period of captivity ended when the Jews were allowed to return to their homeland, which was two years after the conquest of Babylon by the Medes and Persians, or in 537-BCE; the seventy-year captivity must have started in 607-BCE. And since this is a Bible prophecy, they deferred to what they presumed to be the Bible's dating. To read more about this date and our conclusions about this, see the document, 'The Problem With Setting Bible Historical Dates.'

120 Years from 1914

So now, let's take a look at the year 1914. They point out that World War I ('nation rising against nation?') started then, which was followed by a terrible famine in Europe, and thereafter by the great Spanish Influenza in 1918-1919 ('famines and plagues'). History tells us that this series of events so bothered then U.S. President, Woodrow Wilson, that he ordered news of the Spanish Influenza to be withheld from the public for fear that they would view this series of events as the ride of the 'four horsemen' of Revelation.

And although many argue against the accuracy of this calculation – and whether the seven times in the prophecy of Daniel have any significance at all – the striking events of 1914-1919 can't be denied. So, it does seem possible that we are now living in the period when Jesus is about to come.

Of course, you have to understand the era during which this conclusion was reached. Around the turn of the 20th Century, belief that Armageddon was just around the corner – and that it would possibly arrive in 1914 – was common among many Protestant religions at the time. If fact, during his last campaign bid for Presidential election in 1913, former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt repeatedly spoke of the world being 'on the brink of Armageddon' in his speeches.

However, Armageddon clearly didn't arrive back then. So some have speculated that 1914 was just the beginning of 'the last days,' which (using the period given to Noah) will last 120 years. Therefore, adding 120 years to 1914 brings us to the future date of 2034. This is interesting, because the previous year (2033) is thought to be exactly two-thousand years since the death of Jesus. And this raises the questions:
Š Could the calculation that brings us to 1914 be off by a year?
Š Could the calculations that set Jesus' death at 33-CE be off by a year?
Š Does 2,000 years from Jesus' death have any bearing on the matter at all?
Š Is 2033, or 2034 the year when we can expect Armageddon?
We don't know. This is not our speculation.

Theory 5: The Ideas of Sir Isaac Newton

One of the greatest scientific theorists of the past couple of hundred years, Sir Isaac Newton, came to the conclusion that Armageddon will happen in the year 2060. To see his reasoning, look at the Wikipedia link, 'The Religious Views of Isaac Newton.'

Theory 6: 400 Years

Something that most of us realize is that there are important similarities between the events leading up to and following the Exodus and the Battle of Armageddon. You can read about these similarities in the linked document, 'Similarities Between the Exodus and the Events of Revelation'. And this raises the question of whether the 400 years that IsraEl spent in Egypt has anything to do with the coming of Armageddon. We don't know, but we did notice important modern similarities that we would be remiss if we didn't mention them in this consideration.

As we pointed out earlier; there is considerable disagreement between Bible scholars when it comes to how long God's people were actually in Egypt. Some say it was 400 years, while others say it was around 230 years. Our research seems to go along with the 400-year conclusion.

So, is it possible that 400-years could work into setting the time for Armageddon? Well, Paul implied at Galatians 3:17 that the 400 years in Egypt was preceded by a 30-year period… and we do find a significant 30 years that affected modern Christian religions and changed history thereafter. According to the Wikipedia topic 'Protestant Reformation,' under the last subheading, Conclusion and legacy, we read: 'The Reformation led to a series of religious wars that culminated in the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648), which devastated much of Germany, killing between 24.9 and 40% of its population. From 1618 to 1648 the Roman Catholic House of Habsburg and its allies fought against the Protestant princes of Germany, supported at various times by Denmark, Sweden and France. The Habsburgs, who ruled Spain, Austria, the Spanish Netherlands and much of Germany and Italy, were staunch defenders of the Roman Catholic Church. Some historians believe that the era of the Reformation came to a close when Roman Catholic France allied itself, first in secret and later on the battlefields, with Protestant states against the Habsburg dynasty. For the first time since the days of Luther, political and national convictions again outweighed religious convictions in Europe.

'The main tenets of the Peace of Westphalia, which ended the Thirty Years' War, were:

Š 'All parties would now recognize the Peace of Augsburg of 1555, by which each prince would have the right to determine the religion of his own state, the options being Roman Catholicism, Lutheranism, and now Calvinism (the principle of cuius regio, eius religio)

Š 'Christians living in principalities where their denomination was not the established church were guaranteed the right to practice their faith in public during allotted hours and in private at their will.

Š 'The treaty also effectively ended the Pope's pan-European political power. Fully aware of the loss, Pope Innocent X declared the treaty "null, void, invalid, iniquitous, unjust, damnable, reprobate, inane, empty of meaning and effect for all times." European sovereigns, Roman Catholic and Protestant alike, ignored his verdict.'

Are these events significant, and do they indicate the coming of Armageddon in 2048 (400 years after the 30-Year War), and will we then see the coming of the greater Moses and the start of the plagues spoken of in the Revelation? We don't know. Once again, these are just suggestions. However, notice that Christian religions came under state control after the 30-Year War.

Other Observations

Can 'the Day and Hour' be Known?

Can men actually determine the date when Armageddon will happen? After all, didn't Jesus say that nobody (including himself) knows the date or hour? Well, he did say those words some two-thousand years ago, and we are sure that the statement was true at the time, because until then, God had only provided clues to the date of his return, which would require time and future historical events to unravel. But hasn't God always told His servants what is going to happen ahead of time? If you examine the Bible, you'll find that the answer is yes!

For example:

Š He gave Noah some idea of how long his 'generation' would last, 120 years

Š He told Abraham the exact length of the IsraElite's captivity in Egypt (see Genesis 15:13), 400 years.

Š He told the IsraElites exactly how long they would have to wander in the desert before they would enter the Promised Land, 40 years.
And each of these events seem to be prophetic of our time.

And notice what God Himself told us at Amos 3:7:
'There's nothing that God Jehovah will do,
Unless it's revealed to His servants the Prophets

Yet, while Jesus told us that we would be able to recognize the season when he is 'near and at the doors,' he clearly said that he would come at an unexpected day and hour… but unexpected by whom?

Notice what Paul wrote at 1 Thessalonians 5:3, 4: 'Whenever they are saying Peace and security, then destruction will come on them instantly as labor pains on a pregnant woman, and they won't escape. However, brothers, you aren't in the dark. So, that day shouldn't sneak up on you like thieves.'

Therefore, from Paul's words we can conclude that: Although the 'day and hour' wasn't known when Jesus was on the earth, world conditions (and specifically a world-wide cry of 'peace and security') will give us clear indications of an impending end to this age, so that true Christians who are awake won't be surprised at its coming.

What Will the Battle of Armageddon Involve?

What will happen at Armageddon? We do know that armies of this world are on one side of the battle and that Jesus and God's messengers are on the other, because Revelation 19:19 says: 'At that I saw the wild animal along with the kings of the earth and their armies, all gathered to war against the one who was sitting on the [white] horse and with his army.'

Then, as Revelation 16:14 says; the war is the result of 'inspirations of demons' that go out 'to all the kings of the earth to bring them together for the war of the Great Day of the Almighty God.'

What starts the war? In the case of the IsraElites who were facing the armies of Pharaoh at the Red Sea; the battle began when the Egyptians attacked God's people. So, that might be what happens in this case. However, from some of the Hebrew prophecies (shown above), we could also assume that a war will first be fought against the Great Babylon, during which God's faithful servants will be taken captive, and the Battle could be fought to bring about their release (see Joel 2:28-3:21).

Another False Prophecy?

We recognize that many will likely seize on the speculations provided here and accuse us of providing just a few more false prophecies on the date for Armageddon… which we aren't. As we stated in the beginning; all we are trying to do is to keep watching for the Lord's return and to show you why we believe that the time is near.

There have certainly been numerous speculations as to the date of Armageddon in the past, all of which have been wrong. As the result, most people have come to believe that any attempt to arrive at such a date is foolish… and it may be. However, Jesus warned his faithful slaves to stay awake! And that's what we're trying to do. For if what we have written about the possible dates for Armageddon prove wrong, we firmly believe that we are living in the 'season' of its coming.

'Armageddon' or 'The Coming of the Lord?'

One last thing to notice is that; although the term 'Armageddon' has received a lot of press and is often used by politicians, book writers, and moving-picture producers to describe total annihilation; it's interesting that Jesus didn't use the term when he was describing his 'coming' (as found at Matthew 24, Mark 13, or Luke 21), nor does he describe such a battle there. So, he could have been talking about several steps that lead up to Armageddon, or he could have been talking about events that would happen over thousands of years… we just don't know.

However, if the events from the time of Jesus' first coming to the destruction of JeruSalem in 70-CE are a mini picture of the things leading up to Armageddon; then we might assume that there will be a brief work of preparing the way by a John the Baptist (or EliJah) class, followed by Jesus' coming.

Also, the description of the 'feet of iron and baked clay' that is described in Daniel 2 seems to indicate that the final event is the destruction of the last great world empire by God's Kingdom, and this strongly indicates that we are living in the era when this will happen. For more information, see the Note at the end of Daniel, 'Whom Does the Image of Daniel Chapter Two Represent?'

Are You Awaiting Armageddon?

The thought of death is repulsive to most people; so it isn't surprising that many have started serving God because they've been told that Armageddon is coming any day now, and if they're faithful, they won't have to die. As the result, they are literally living for and praying for the coming of Armageddon. They forget the words of Revelation 2:10, where we were told: 'But be faithful to death and I'll give you the crown of life.'

Seth, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Job, Moses, Joshua, Samuel, David, Daniel, and many more faithful ones knew that Armageddon wasn't coming in their lifetimes; so they understood that they would have to die… they served God not to survive Armageddon, but because they loved Him. Their goal was to be counted among 'the living' by God, not to just stay alive. So we urge all to stop thinking about when Armageddon will come and whether they will survive, for the real prize is having a relationship with God and receiving that 'crown' of being viewed by Him as the living. Because, 'He isn't a God of the dead, but of the living.'

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